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Neuropathic pain is a type of chronic pain that arises from injury or malfunction of the nervous system itself, rather than from an external injury or inflammation. It can result from various conditions that affect the peripheral or central nervous systems, such as diabetes (diabetic neuropathy), shingles (postherpetic neuralgia), multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injuries, stroke, or nerve damage due to surgery or trauma.

Symptoms of neuropathic pain can include:

  1. Burning Sensation: A persistent burning or tingling sensation is common.
  2. Shooting or Electric-Shock-Like Pain: Some describe it as sharp, stabbing, or shooting pain.
  3. Numbness or Loss of Sensation: There can also be a loss of feeling in the affected area.
  4. Allodynia: Pain in response to normally non-painful stimuli, like light touch.
  5. Hyperalgesia: An exaggerated response to painful stimuli.

Because it’s caused by nerve dysfunction, neuropathic pain often requires different treatment strategies than those used for other types of pain. Treatment may involve medications like anticonvulsants, antidepressants, topical treatments, nerve blocks, or neuromodulation therapies.