Bimonthly, Established in 1959
Open access journal

Types of Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy encompasses a variety of approaches and divisions, each aimed at treating psychological problems and assisting in resolving emotional or behavioral issues. Here are some of the main divisions of psychotherapy:

  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT):
    • This approach focuses on identifying and changing destructive or dysfunctional thinking processes, emotions, and behaviors through a systematic approach to problem-solving.
  2. Psychodynamic Therapy:
    • Based on the principles of psychoanalysis, this therapy explores past experiences and emotional patterns to understand current feelings and behaviors.
  3. Gestalt Therapy:
    • This method emphasizes understanding the current experiences of the individual in the context of their immediate environment and encourages self-awareness and self-understanding through experimental exercises and dialogue.
  4. Systemic Family Therapy:
    • This approach looks at issues within the context of the family and relationships between family members, seeking solutions through altering the dynamics of these relationships.
  5. Person-Centered Therapy (or Carl Rogers’ Therapy):
    • An approach that underscores the inherent value and potential of an individual for self-determination and self-realization.
  6. Play Therapy:
    • Typically used with children to help them express themselves and resolve conflicts through play, which is a natural mode of communication for children.
  7. Art Therapy:
    • Involves the use of artistic means for self-expression and psychological release, aiding individuals in understanding and resolving their issues.
  8. Narrative Therapy:
    • Focuses on the stories that people construct and reconstruct about themselves and how these stories influence their lives and self-perception.
  9. Existential Therapy:
    • Explores fundamental questions of existence, including the meaning of life, freedom of choice and responsibility, loneliness, and mortality.
  10. Body-Oriented Therapy:
    • Involves working with the physical body of a person to improve their mental health, based on the belief that the body and mind are closely linked.
  11. Music Therapy:
    • Uses music to impact a person’s emotional and psychological state, cognitive abilities, and social interactions.
  12. Integrative Therapy:
    • An approach that combines elements from various therapeutic directions depending on the needs and preferences of the client.

Each of these approaches can be effective depending on the specific goals of therapy, the nature of the problem, and the personal preferences of the client. The choice of approach depends on the therapist’s training and the specifics of their practice.